The Open COVID Pledge calls on organizations around the world to make their patents and copyrights freely available in the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic. The Pledge was originally developed by an international group of researchers, scientists, academics and lawyers seeking to accelerate the rapid development and deployment of diagnostics, vaccines, therapeutics, medical equipment, and software solutions in this urgent public health crisis. The project is now led and stewarded by Creative Commons, the nonprofit that helps overcome legal obstacles to the sharing of knowledge and creativity to address the world’s pressing challenges. To make the pledge or for information about how to support the pledge, please contact email@example.com.
We are a group of scientists, lawyers, entrepreneurs and individuals working to promote the removal of obstacles involving intellectual property in the fight against COVID-19. We are committed to innovative solutions to address this crisis, and urge the adoption of the Open COVID Pledge, Open COVID License, and other similar solutions in support of this goal.
Jorge L. Contreras, JD
Presidential Scholar and Professor, University of Utah S.J. Quinney College of Law; Adjunct Professor, Dept. of Human Genetics, University of Utah School of Medicine, Research Fellow, Program on Information Justice and Intellectual Property, American University Washington College of Law
Science, Technology and Outreach
We’d like to acknowledge the support, creative thinking, and contributions of many other individuals who helped make this effort possible. Among others, we are grateful to Julia Heymach, Nikki Solanki, and our design team: Tricia Sada, Jing Qiao, Cynthia Lesmana,Tiffany Sada and Julia Tsao. Thanks also to Gary Robinson of logoglo.com, the designer of the Open COVID Pledge trademark and logo.
Reading and Resources
Jorge L. Contreras & Meredith Jacob, eds., Patent Pledges: Global Perspectives On Patent Law’s Private Ordering Frontier (Edward Elgar, 2017) (IPKat’s Best Patent Law Book of 2018), https://www.e-elgar.com/shop/gbp/patent-pledges-9781785362484.html
Articles (in chronological order)
Diane M. Peters, General Counsel, Open Source Development Labs, Understanding Patent Pledges: an Overview of Legal Considerations. https://patentcommons.org/publications/OSDL_Whitepaper_Final_final_4-12-06.pdf (2006)
Lydia Pallas Loren, Building a Reliable Semicommons of Creative Works: Enforcement of Creative Commons Licenses and Limited Abandonment of Copyright, 14 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 271 (2007), https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=957939
Jorge L. Contreras, Patent Pledges, 47(3) Ariz. St. L.J. 543-608 (2015), https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2525947
Jorge L. Contreras, A Market Reliance Theory for FRAND Commitments and Other Patent Pledges, 2015(2) Utah L. Rev. 479-558 (2015), https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2309023
Marta Belcher and John Casey, Hacking the Patent System: A Guide to Alternative Patent Licensing for Innovators, Juelsgaard Intellectual Property & Innovation Clinic at Stanford Law School (January 2016), https://www.eff.org/document/hacking-patent-system-2016
Jesse L. Reynolds, Jorge L. Contreras & Joshua D. Sarnoff, Solar Climate Engineering and Intellectual Property: Toward a Research Commons, 18 Minn. J. L. Sci. & Tech. 1-110 (2017), https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2753833
Jorge L. Contreras, The Evolving Patent Pledge Landscape, CIGI Papers No. 166, Apr. 3, 2018, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3157572
Jorge L. Contreras, Bronwyn H. Hall & Christian Helmers, Pledging Patents for the Public Good: Rise and Fall of the Eco-Patent Commons, 57 Houston L. Rev. 61-109 (2019), https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3466156
Jonas Fabian Ehrnsperger & Frank Tietze, Patent pledges, open IP, or patent pools? Developing taxonomies in the thicket of terminologies. PLoS ONE 14(8): e0221411 (2019), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0221411
F. Tietze, P. Vimalnath, L. Aristodemou and J. Molloy, “Crisis-Critical Intellectual Property: Findings From the COVID-19 Pandemic,” in IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, doi: 10.1109/TEM.2020.2996982. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9120047 (2020)
Creative Commons, CC0 “No Rights Reserved”, https://creativecommons.org/share-your-work/public-domain/cc0/
American University Washington College of Law – Program on Information Justice and Intellectual Property, Standards-Essential Patents and FRAND Licensing, https://www.wcl.american.edu/impact/initiatives-programs/pijip/impact/patent/